(Nanowerk News) The interaction of light and matter at the nanoscale is an important aspect of nanophotonics. The nano-resonant system allows scientists to control and increase electromagnetic energy in a volume smaller than the wavelength of the incident light. As well as allowing sunlight to be captured much more effectively, they also facilitate better optical wave guidance and emission control.
The strong coupling of light with electronic excitation in solid materials results in hybridized photonic and electronic states, called polaritons, which can exhibit interesting properties such as condensation and Bose-Einstein superfluidity.
A new study, published in the journal Natural Ingredients (“Intrinsically strong light-matter fusion with self-hybridized bound states in the continuum in van der Waals metasurfaces”), presenting advances in the fusion of light and matter at the nanoscale.
Researchers led by LMU physicist Dr. Andreas Tittl has developed a metasurface that allows for a strong coupling effect between light and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). This novel platform is based on a photonic bound state in the continuum, termed BIC, in the nanostructured tungsten disulfide (WS).2).
Utilization of WS simultaneously2 as a base material for the fabrication of metasurfaces with sharp resonances and as a coupling partner that supports the excitation of active materials opens up new possibilities for research into polaritonic applications.
An important breakthrough in this research is to control the coupling strength, which is independent of material loss. As the metasurface platform is able to seamlessly integrate other TMDC or excitonic materials, it can provide fundamental insights and practical device concepts for polaritonic applications.
Additionally, the newly developed metasurface concept provides a foundation for applications in controllable low-threshold semiconductor lasers, photocatalytic enhancement, and quantum computing.