Quantum Computing

Overview and Recommendations for Quantum Ecosystems in Canada, Denmark, and Norway

We recently came across three documents produced by governments and other organizations in Canada, Denmark, and Norway that describe various aspects of the quantum ecosystem in their countries and recommendations for improving national strategies for participating in quantum markets. This is useful reading for anyone interested in the activities of these countries, so we will summarize them here.

The first document is given a title Canada Quantum Ecosystem Report 2023. It was created by an organization based in British Columbia, Canada called Institute of Quantum Algorithms (QAI). QAI was formed in 2000 with a charter to foster quantum literacy in Canada, develop Canada’s quantum workforce, and promote quantum activities in the provinces of British Columbia and Canada. This report provides an overview of organizations working in quantum technology in Canada, an overview and comparison of patenting and technical papermaking activity versus other countries, an analysis of international collaborations in quantum technology, an analysis of talent retention and attraction, and an analysis of social media representation by subject area. The results of the analysis are available in accessible reports Here.

The second document was produced by the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science entitled Strategy for Quantum Technology (in English the title is Strategy for Quantum Technology). This is the first part of a planned two-part series covering the Danish National Strategy for Quantum Technology. The first part focuses on research and innovation while the second part, which is planned for release later this year, will focus on the commercialization and application of quantum technology in Denmark. The document sets goals for long-term strategic investment, international cooperation and better access to digital research infrastructure. It recommends that the Danish government budget 1 billion Danish Krone DKK (approximately $146 million USD) in the time period 2023-2027 to support quantum research and innovation. The government has allocated DKK 212 million for 2023, so any excess will reflect continuing this level of funding into 2027. A web page giving a brief overview of this document (in Danish) is available Here and full documents can be seen Here. (We use Google Translate to translate these documents.)

A QC Norway the workshop was held in November 2022 and was hosted by Norwegian companies including Simula, Sigma2, OsloMet and SINTEF. It produces a titled position paper Contribution Towards Norway’s Quantum Computing Strategy which were recently published from various concepts discussed in the workshop. The paper shows the need for Norway’s national strategy and specific investments for the country to participate successfully in this market. Currently, the country has no official quantum policy or quantum strategy, or specific investments. The paper describes the potential of quantum technology, activities taking place in other countries, and makes recommendations in the fields of education, research, innovation and infrastructure. This particular document focuses on quantum computing only and includes any analyzes or recommendations for other areas of quantum technology such as quantum communications or quantum sensing. The intent of this paper is to stimulate discussion with other stakeholders and inspire the development of a national quantum strategy for Norway. Documents can be downloaded Here.

June 24, 2023


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